Revisited Myth #101: Colonial Americans decorated their homes with fresh fruit at Christmas.

It’s time for Christmas myths again! Here is one of my favorites: 


The approaching holidays require a Christmas myth or two . . . so let’s start with the idea that colonial Americans in general celebrated and decorated for Christmas. That’s erroneous. Many early Americans didn’t acknowledge Christmas at all, let alone celebrate or decorate for it. These included the Puritans in New England and various denominations throughout the middle and southern colonies like Amish, Baptists, Congregationalists, Mennonite, Methodist, Presbyterian, and Quakers. But for many in the central and southern colonies, Christmas was a holiday season.

Let’s go to the biggest decorating myth in American Christmas history–the idea that our colonial forebears decked their homes with fruited wreaths.

The idea of decorating the doors with rare fresh fruit where it would hang until it rotted or was eaten by squirrels would have horrified everyone in colonial America, no matter how wealthy they were. Fresh fruit was rare to nonexistent during the winter and if one were fortunate enough to have some imported oranges from the Caribbean or late apples from New England, one ate them.

This myth originated with the DellaRobbia-style decorating that began in Williamsburg in the 1930s (when the town was being restored with Rockefeller money) as a compromise with its residents. As far as we can tell, colonists did not decorate the outside of their houses at all, but Americans in the 1930s most certainly did, and Williamsburg residents were not happy to be told that authenticity demanded they forego all their Christmas decorations. Nor did the Colonial Williamsburg executives relish the thought of blinking colored lights and reindeer glowing from the rooftops of the restored town. It was decided to encourage natural decoration with materials that would have been available to the colonists, such as greenery, dried seed pods, fruit, pinecones, gourds, oyster shells, and so forth. But no matter how often Foundation executives stressed that this was NOT a colonial decorating method but a modern-day compromise, the erroneous impression spread.


6 Responses to Revisited Myth #101: Colonial Americans decorated their homes with fresh fruit at Christmas.

  1. Grace Topping says:

    Hi, Mary. I’m spending Christmas at Williamsburg, and you’ve shattered my illusions of how the town was originally decorated during the holidays. Oh, well. The 1930’s introduction of using fruit to decorate homes is still a nice touch.

  2. Jeanne Spencer says:

    Historic sites still face this conundrum..Celebrate authentically or give the public what they expect. Unfortunately, most need to meet expectations due to funds.

  3. Juffrouw Jo says:

    Decorating the tree with fruit and food was a thing though, especially oranges!
    My family still does and I have wonderful memories of finding out my dad had eaten everything just when I wanted to snack something off the tree.

  4. Makes so much sense. Despite living in a 1788 New England Colonial, I never thought that my predecessors might not have decorated for Christmas. And..I’m guilty of decorating with pomegranates.

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